This Decision defines best available techniques (BAT) for permitted waste incineration installations. New installations will be required to meet these before commencing operation. Authorities will be required to update permits for existing installations to reflect BAT by 12 November 2023.
Decision (EU) 2019/2010 establishes best available techniques conclusions (BATC) for permitted waste incineration installations. This Decision specifies mandatory minimum requirements on the environmental performance of permitted organisations.
Authorities are required to update permit conditions to reflect BATC under this Decision by 12 November 2023.
Best available techniques (BAT) specified include BAT-AELs (BAT Associated Emission Levels) for specified pollutants.
BATC apply to organisations undertaking the following operations:
BATC do not apply to plants defined in Article 42(2) of the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (e.g. those combusting biomass, or plants treating radioactive waste or materials from exploration for, or extraction of, offshore oil and gas.
BATC do not apply to pre-treatment of waste prior to incineration, incineration/co-incineration of exclusively gaseous waste (bar that from the thermal treatment of waste) or treatment of residues from flue gas cleaning.
The Decision specifies duties and the corresponding techniques to reduce the environmental impact of installations. 37 BAT points are applied, concerning the following topics:
Derogations from BATC will only be granted where costs associated with the revised emissions limits disproportionately outweigh the respective environmental benefits.
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