Waterman logo
Greenspace logo
Client login button Questions button
Legal register

Directive (EU) 2018/2001 On the Promotion of the Use of Energy from Renewable Resources


This Directive aims to promote the use of energy from renewable resources. 32% of energy supplied by 2030 must be from renewable sources. 14% of transport fuels will also need to be from renewable origin by 2030. Individual renewable energy targets will be set on each EU Member State. The proportion of energy from renewables used in heating and cooling is required to increase by an annual average of 1.3%.

This Directive is due to be transposed to national law by 30 June 2021. The UK is due to leave the EU before this date, and therefore this Directive may not be brought into force.



Directive (EU) 2018/2001 comes into force on 30 June 2021 and will repeal Directive 2009/28/EC on this date.

What will be updated?

Directive (EU) 2018/2001 sets a binding target that 32% of the EU’s gross energy consumption will be derived from renewable sources by 2030. Individual targets will be set on each Member State in order to achieve this goal.

A binding renewable-sourcing target of 14% by 2030 will apply to transport fuels across the EU.

Member States will also be required to endeavour to increase the share of renewable energy used for heating and cooling by an annual average of 1.3%.

District Heating and Cooling

Member States will be required to increase the share of energy from renewable sources and from waste heat and cold used in district heating and cooling by an annual average of at least 1%.

Alternatively or additionally, operators of district heating or cooling will be required to offer to connect suppliers of renewable-sourced energy and from waste heat and cold to these systems and to purchase this energy.

Support for Renewables

EU Member States may establish schemes to incentivise the uptake of renewables, subject to rules under the Directive.

Guarantees of origin from renewable sources may be used to demonstrate the status of energy supplied to customers.

Member States will be required to assess and take action where necessary to integrate gas from renewable sources to the existing gas network.

Self-consumers of renewables may not be subject to discriminatory charges for electricity they consume from or feed into the grid. 

Information on the energy performance and the share of renewables used in district heating and cooling must be made available to final consumers.

Sustainability Criteria

As with the prior scheme, sustainability and greenhouse gas emissions saving criteria will be applied for biofuels, bioliquids and biomass for these to count against obligations under the Directive. Compliance with the criteria is to be demonstrated through certification.

The criteria aim to discourage the use of these fuels from food and feed crops, where they present a significant indirect land-use change risk.

By 31 December 2030 at the latest, biofuels, bioliquids or biomass fuels derived from food and feed crops or presenting a significant indirect land-use change risk may not be used.

Advanced Biofuels

Binding targets will apply on the proportion of transport fuel derived from ‘advanced biofuels’ (e.g. those produced from algae or waste). This will be as follows:

  • 0.2% of the final consumption of energy in the transport sector in 2022;
  • 1% in 2025; and
  • 3.5% in 2030.

Part A of Annex IX lists qualifying feedstocks for the production of transport and advanced biofuels.

Brexit Implications

The UK is anticipated to have left the EU by the date Directive (EU) 2018/2001 comes into force. As a result, this Directive and the targets it sets may not be brought into force.


Directive 2009/28/EC established binding national targets on proportion of energy supplied from renewable sources through to 2020. The UK was required to meet a 15% target by 2020. Minimum sustainability criteria for biofuels were also applied to qualify against this target.

Directive 2009/28/EC was transposed in the UK via the Promotion of the Use of Energy from Renewable Sources Regulations 2011, as amended.



Greenspace subscribers receive full monthly updates summarising new and forthcoming legislation applicable to their organisation.

To receive these free updates by email, please subscribe to our mailing list. For a free trial and demonstration of Greenspace or a quotation, please contact us by email. 

Back to Free Updates

Waterman Group, Belgrave House, 47 Bank Street, Sheffield, S1 2DR
t +44 1142 298900, d +44 3300 602 764, e
Privacy Policy / Data Protection Notice