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Climate Change (Interim Emissions Targets) (Wales) Regulations 2018 and Climate Change (Carbon Budgets) (Wales) Regulations 2018

Synopsis

These regulations set Welsh-specific emissions reduction targets and carbon budgets.

Mandatory emissions reductions are required to be achieved, in support of the 80% by 2050 emissions reduction obligation on the Welsh Ministers under the Environment (Wales) Act 2016.

 
 
 

Summary

Climate Change (Interim Emission Targets) (Wales) Regulations 2018

The Climate Change (Interim Emission Targets) (Wales) Regulations 2018 came into force on 6 December 2018.

What will be introduced?

This regulation sets interim emissions reduction targets, which are expressed in terms of mandatory reductions versus the baseline;

  • 27% reduction by 2020;
  • 45% reduction by 2030; and
  • 67% reduction by 2040.

Baseline

The baseline greenhouse gas emission year is 1990 for certain gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide) and 1995 for others (hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulphur hexafluoride, nitrogen trifluoride).

Background

Section 29 of the Environment (Wales) Act 2016 places a duty Welsh Ministers to ensure that in 2050 the net Welsh emissions are at least 80% lower than 1990 levels. Section 30 requires that the Welsh Ministers make set interim emissions targets for the years 2020, 2030 and 2040.

 

Climate Change (Carbon Budgets) (Wales) Regulations 2018

The Climate Change (Carbon Budgets) (Wales) Regulations 2018 came into force on 6 December 2018.

What will be introduced?

This regulation sets the following ‘carbon budgets’ for the first two carbon budget periods. These are set in terms of reductions versus the 1990/1995 baseline set by the Environmental (Wales) Act 2016;

  • 2016 – 2020: 23% reduction; and
  • 2021 – 2025: 33% reduction.

Background

Section 31(1) of the Environment (Wales) Act 2016 requires Welsh Ministers to set carbon budgets for each 5-year budgetary period between 2016 and 2050. Section 32(2) requires these budgets are set at a level consistent with the target of 80% reduction by 2050.

 

 

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